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International Journal of Arrhythmia 2018;19(1): 26-32.
doi: https://doi.org/10.18501/arrhythmia.2018.004
Reversal of Left Ventricular Function by PVC Ablation in Dilated Cardiomyopathy Patient
Seung Jin Jun MD1, Ki Hong Lee MD2
1Division of Cardiology, Gunsan Medical Center, Gunsan, Korea
2Division of Cardiology, Chonnam National University Hospital, Gwangju, Korea
Corresponding Author: Ki Hong Lee ,Tel: +82-62-220-6246, Fax: +82-62-223-3105, Email: drgood2@naver.com
Received: February 9, 2018.  Accepted: March 22, 2018.
Abstract
Premature ventricular complex (PVC) usually follows a benign course and shows good response to medical therapy. However, high burden of PVC deteriorates cardiac function and is often associated with progression into dilated cardiomyopathy (DCMP). We report a case of a young patient who recovered from DCMP after PVC ablation. The patient complained of palpitations and dyspnea on exertion. Holter examination revealed an isolated PVC burden of 29%. Despite intensive medical therapy for more than a year, symptoms aggravated and PVC burden was not diminished on follow-up Holter examination. Furthermore, the echocardiogram revealed deteriorated systolic function as well as left ventricular enlargement, indicating progression into DCMP. Surface electrocardiogram indicated PVC origin in the left ventricular outflow tract. Detailed mapping at the right ventricle and left ventricle outflow tract with the aid of 3-dimensional mapping system, demonstrated PVC origin from the left ventricular outflow tract area, between the right and left coronary cusps. Radiofrequency ablation successfully abolished all ventricular premature beats. Follow-up Holter examination revealed no PVC, and the echocardiogram showed recovery to normal systolic function and chamber size. In conclusion, ablation of PVC should be considered when it does not respond to medical therapy and is associated with deterioration of cardiac function.
Key Words: Ventricular Premature Complexes; Dilated Cardiomyopathy; Catheter Ablation